Tap to unmute

How was England formed?

Sdílet
Vložit
  • čas přidán 15. 08. 2021
  • How was England formed?
    The existence of England is one that is often taken for granted and looked at far too scarcely. This may be due to the overshadowing history of the development of Great Britain and the United Kingdom, but nonetheless, in order for these unions to be formed, England had to already exist - and it actually has since 927 AD. So, how was England created, who claimed the land before the English, and how did it become the nation that we know today?...
    ♦Consider supporting the Channel of Patreon and gain cool stuff:
    www.patreon.com/Knowledgia
    ♦Please consider to SUBSCRIBE : goo.gl/YJNqek
    ♦Music by Epidemic Sound
    ♦Script & Research :
    Skylar J. Gordon
    ♦Sources :
    Hamerow, Helena. The Origins of Wessex.
    Stenton, Frank. Anglo-Saxon England.
    Rees, Rosemary. The Vikings.
    Albany F. Major, Early Wars of Wessex

Komentáře • 11 054

  • Thursday History
    Thursday History Před rokem +5608

    Since TikTok got confused about this I just wanna pop in and say - I’m the scriptwriter on this video and at the beginning when referencing “Scots” and pointing to Ireland, that’s not a mistake! The Scots/Scoti/Scotti were Gaels from Ireland around the same time that the Picts were in Scotland! I see why it confused people on TikTok and everyone here seems fine but, just in case 😂

    • Michelle Boyle
      Michelle Boyle Před 2 měsíci

      @Andy B I was told that there was some kind of connection between Wales and Clan Wallace

    • Michelle Boyle
      Michelle Boyle Před 2 měsíci

      @Asura1951 Initially, perhaps, but over time they migrated as distinctly identifying groups all over the place apparently. Historical documentation + DNA tracking has revealed interesting connections between the Hebrews and certain peoples of western China, Morocco, Kenya, Iran, Syria, and yes, even certain tribes of Afghans

    • Steve Gad
      Steve Gad Před 2 měsíci

      Nicely written TH. It was a real pleasure to listen to it being read over the graphics.

    • Rasha Mohamed Ali
      Rasha Mohamed Ali Před 2 měsíci

      SÂ7..$ 😉🌈💗😚😘

    • Renegade Dalek
      Renegade Dalek Před 2 měsíci +1

      Nobody who watches tiktok can actually think .

  • VarleyET
    VarleyET Před 8 měsíci +1658

    Anyone who's interested in seeing how this played out in a TV series: The Last Kingdom did a great job covering it and it was very entertaining

    • Mathieu Faltys
      Mathieu Faltys Před měsícem

      @Wolfie Street LOL. The writers must have been in those elementary school CRT classes right-wingers keep crying about.

    • Addy T Rolla
      Addy T Rolla Před 2 měsíci

      Even better... Put The Last Kingdom audiobooks on while you work. I've never felt long days of hard work go by so fast. It has a great narrator. By the time I thought I'd read them all, he released another book

    • mac atanoso
      mac atanoso Před 2 měsíci

      Yes i love that series a historical show .
      From the Philippines 🇵🇭🇬🇧

    • condorX2
      condorX2 Před 2 měsíci

      Aye. I saw!
      The Viking completely changed them, from fighting for their homeland against invaders to become the invader themselves who colonized half the world and plundering all their riches.
      Here is nice article.
      The British East India Company seized Bengal in 1757 by force. Then the British forced the peasantry to handover their produce and engineered a famine in 1770 that killed a third of the population. Following that, there were 24 famines between 1850-1899 in different parts of the country, where tens of millions of people killed. From 1765 to 1938, Britain extracted 45 trillion pound sterling from India, which was effectively the down payment for the Industrial Revolution. In 1700, India had 25% of the world’s GDP. By 1950, they had only 4%. In 1943, during the WW II, Winston Churchill diverted food from Bengal to Britain, resulted in 3 million Indians deaths. When India got independent from the British, the literacy rate was just 14%.
      From the late 17th century to the 18th century, Britain smuggled opium into China to dope the population, a strategy to turn around a huge trade deficit, after the British could not find enough silver to pay the Qing government in their tea and porcelain trades. After opium was destroyed in salt water and ports were closed by the Chinese in ordered to curb opium, the British started the Opium War I, which China lost. Hong Kong was forced to be surrendered to the British.
      After 12 years, the British got really greedy. They demanded the Qing government: 1) To open the borders of China to allow goods coming in and out freely and tax free. 2) Make opium legal in China. After being rejected, the British and French, with support by the USA, started Opium War II with China, which again, China lost. The Anglo-French military raided the Summer Palace, an estimated 150,000 pieces of historic treasures with a 1900-year span from the first Qin Dynasty up to the Qing Dynasty were raided and many ended up in the British Museum in London.
      After the Summer Palace was burned down in 3 days, the Anglo-French military then threatened to burn the Imperial Palace. The Qing government was forced to pay with free trade ports, 300,000 kilograms of silver and the Kowloon district north of Hong Kong Island was taken. Since then, China’s resources flew out freely from the free trade ports. In the subsequent amendment to the treaties, Chinese people were sold overseas to serve as labor, famously known as “piglet labor”.
      Britain, a tiny country, had turned the two biggest economies in the world into poverty stricken slumps. China and India co-existed for 4000 years without problems. Buddhism originated in India and widely adopted in China. China sent Buddhist monks to India to learn Buddhism from India. When the British were preparing for India’s independence, an ambiguity was left behind at the border between China and India, and since then, it became the point of conflicts between China and India, including a war at the border in 1962. Divide and rule, is their tactic used over and over again.
      The British colonized my country Malaysia in 1786. During WW II, when the Japanese came to Malaya, the British fled the country, and the Malayan Communists were left behind to fight a gorilla warfare with the Japanese in the jungles. After the Japanese surrendered, the Malayan Communist fighters went back to towns. Then the British came back, surrounded the towns and mass murdered them.
      Before handed back to China, Hong Kong was ruled under an iron fist, but when Hong Kong was returned to China, the UK pushed for democracy in Hong Kong.
      There are many reasons for the empire’s successes. But one thing stands out: hypocrisy.
      -Zeis Siez

    • Rasindu Anuththara
      Rasindu Anuththara Před 2 měsíci

      @OldPsychoMan hell yh

  • Elvenkind
    Elvenkind Před 3 měsíci +57

    Great job! I'm really, deeply interested in history, and specially English and Norse history, but I've never seen such an elegant presentation of how England came to be. You got a new subscriber, and naturally a like! Have a nice weekend everyone, from Alv, Norway.

  • lorry geewhizzbang
    lorry geewhizzbang Před 2 měsíci +18

    From Ireland here, our lessons are pretty broad so we learn most of this, but it would be nice to hear about places that don't get talked about as much such as Cornwall, Isle of Man and Isle of Wight.

    • lorry geewhizzbang
      lorry geewhizzbang Před měsícem

      @adam driver Nope. I was talking to the maker of this video and you decided to jump in so I'll leave the videography in your expert hands. 😄

    • adam driver
      adam driver Před měsícem

      @lorry geewhizzbang glad to hear, let me know when done

    • adam driver
      adam driver Před měsícem

      You're so funny.......

    • lorry geewhizzbang
      lorry geewhizzbang Před měsícem

      @adam driver Sounds great. I'll fit it in with the 1000 other things I need to do. 🥴☺

    • adam driver
      adam driver Před měsícem

      @lorry geewhizzbang let's do the Isle of wight

  • James Harrison-king
    James Harrison-king Před 2 měsíci +14

    The TV show (Netflix: Last Kingdom) is based on the books by Bernard Cornwell which cover most of this period in great detail. He is one of the leading historical fiction writers out there. Uthred in the books/show is a fictional character that he uses to weave the story through the history - giving him a key role or reason to be involved in the main events. He is inspired by the Bernard Cornwell's distant ancestor, Uthred. At the end of each book, the Author writes a small summary of the real history and the adaptions he's made to fit the story. The books also include maps from the time period, and the saxon naming with English translations - Which allows you to see the language and geographical development of the country. The show is good in general, but it has huge inaccuracies in how the period is portrayed which is a shame as the author and books cover this accurately - but i guess that is a tv screenwriting / budgeting decision. I would highly recommend the books.

  • David Van Dyken
    David Van Dyken Před 5 měsíci +77

    This is a really interesting history lesson. Thanks for posting. However, it seems like it concluded a bit early. I would have expected the 1066 Norman invasion to be a crucial aspect to the formation of England.

    • Altai🐺 Austro-Hungarian2003
      Altai🐺 Austro-Hungarian2003 Před měsícem

      England was created by the Anglo-Saxons but I would say the normans helped

    • melcrom1
      melcrom1 Před měsícem

      @Wolfie Street such a good answer.
      Bravo. You made your point!

    • melcrom1
      melcrom1 Před měsícem

      @Wolfie Street thank you Sir, for you insight.

    • Μυλωνόγιαννης Λι
      Μυλωνόγιαννης Λι Před 2 měsíci

      @Wolfie Street remember, you were not alone in waterloo, or any place else after that for that matter. i always wonder at the idiocy of the british people of sustaining a bunch of inbreds just to sustain them as a unified people on an island totally depleted of any resource, but grass.

    • Μυλωνόγιαννης Λι
      Μυλωνόγιαννης Λι Před 2 měsíci

      @Le Capetien interesting!!, captain.

  • TheArbiter
    TheArbiter Před rokem +1130

    As a Brit, this is already way more than I learned in History class

    • Andrew Howells
      Andrew Howells Před 2 měsíci

      @nixl American b7llshit fro a cymro

    • Andrew Howells
      Andrew Howells Před 2 měsíci

      And before the invasions and enslaving of ancient people dy isle o prydain,
      What of the Cymraeg. A peaceful nation and land robbed/coloniolised by these warmongers. No mention of the Cymraeg. They took away our ancient tongue and be it changed our countries name to.wales , which means Slave.ij their germania manipulated This video dicusts me and backs up hidden history that the powers to be opress and brainwash. You the writer make me feel.invisible. in modern society, diversity is paramount where I come from and in your tongue ,bullshit by ignoramus bullshitter, shame on you.

    • Mister Jorge
      Mister Jorge Před 2 měsíci +1

      Like I said, 'Slavery, Colonialism & Colonization' are all evil things done by evildoers. 😔
      They need to repent & repay their sins & crimes.
      After all, it's "a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do" thing.
      Like I said, repay and repent your long overdue crimes and sins.
      Remember the saying, a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do.
      Truth hurts, but truth matters.
      "History is written by the victors and liars." ~ Napoleon Bonaparte
      Speaking of 'the rule of Law', may I ask where is the rule of law when the Anglo West is practicing centuries-long global Slavery, Colonialism & Colonization?
      May I ask when will the West face justice for their notorious centuries-long global crimes of Slavery, Colonialism and Colonization from North/South America to Australia/New Zealand?
      Speaking of 'crime'.., remember, it’s only a crime if you lose.
      - The Anglo Western bloc had been on the winning side for about three centuries.
      - Obviously, they couldn't care less about the "crimes" any more. 😔

    • Mister Jorge
      Mister Jorge Před 2 měsíci +1

      Like I said, keep in mind the fact that 'Slavery, Colonialism & Colonization' are all evil things done by evildoers.
      Around fifty 50 nations fell under British Colonialism; while around twenty five 25 nations under French Colonialism.
      - In the Colonial era all Anglo Western Colonizers did in their Colonies worldwide was build infrastructure, such as roads and ports so that they could ship abundant natural mineral resources, raw materials back to Europe to make fine goods, since there hardly has any mineral resources in Europe. That is what Colonialism is all about; "Pillage and Plunder" at will.
      For instance, it is agreed upon the fact that Africa in general has progressed a lot more in the past 20-30 years than 200 years of Western Colonialism there.
      Moreover, World organization such as United Nations was helped founded, with cleverly drawn charters, by the West; only after they have had enough of practicing centuries-long global Slavery, Colonization and Colonialism; in such a way so as to;
      - keep their accumulated wealth to themselves,
      - their accumulated crimes not to get prosecuted by their former victims. 😔
      "Anglo caused most of the world's problems." - David Cameron, former British Prime Minister
      “British society has never been cleansed of the filth of imperialism.” - Salman Rushdie
      The fact that they need to repent & repay their sins & crimes.
      After all, it's "a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do" thing.
      Like I said, repay and repent your long overdue crimes and sins.
      Remember the saying, "a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do".

    • Nerd#9347.
      Nerd#9347. Před 2 měsíci

      @Mister Jorge THIS!

  • Essel
    Essel Před 3 měsíci +9

    I heard about The Battle of Brunanburh when I was researching my surname. The story goes that it was realised, at the time, what an important victory this was. Indeed, it was spoken of in terms of awe for many years afterwards and was referred to as "The Dear Victory" - approximate translation of "Leof Siege". Apparently, some of the protagonists took their new surnames from this and started the line which would include the Liversedges and, like my surname, Livesley. I'm not sure how much of this is accurate but it makes a nice story.

  • Ash B
    Ash B Před 4 měsíci +78

    For anyone interested The Vikings and The Last Kingdom are two great TV shows that deal with this portion of history.

    • jswen24
      jswen24 Před 2 měsíci

      Ragnar vs Uthred is a good matchup

    • Rosemerryn McMillan
      Rosemerryn McMillan Před 2 měsíci

      @Maximus Proliferus chclip.net/video/fbbSVjVWX-4/video.html

    • Rosemerryn McMillan
      Rosemerryn McMillan Před 2 měsíci

      chclip.net/video/fbbSVjVWX-4/video.html

    • whtsap+𝟭𝟳𝟯𝟰𝟮𝟱𝟮𝟵𝟬𝟵𝟲
      whtsap+𝟭𝟳𝟯𝟰𝟮𝟱𝟮𝟵𝟬𝟵𝟲 Před 2 měsíci

      Link up with Amy Cramer 👆 👆

    • Tyler Brett
      Tyler Brett Před 2 měsíci

      In a sector that requires much technicals and analysis as that of stocks and forex, understanding early the role experience and expertise plays in the markets regarding profitable trades I believe is a smart money move

  • Szymon Matusiak
    Szymon Matusiak Před 2 měsíci +126

    I am amazed how a relatively small island nation had a great influence on the world. It's remarkable that English became the most spoken language - Latin of the 21st century and the long pursued dream of having an universal/world language is becoming true. Thanks for the great video. Greetings from Poland!

    • IrkedOffDev
      IrkedOffDev Před 6 dny

      @Xx O-DeathShot-O Xx isn't that what I said?

    • Xx O-DeathShot-O Xx
      Xx O-DeathShot-O Xx Před 6 dny

      @IrkedOffDev you wanting people to forgot their native tongue for one that you believe is superior

    • IrkedOffDev
      IrkedOffDev Před 7 dny

      @Ó yeah but it will be in the next few generations

    • IrkedOffDev
      IrkedOffDev Před 7 dny

      @Xx O-DeathShot-O Xx which part is nuts?

    • Ó
      Ó Před 7 dny

      English isn't the most spoken language though...

  • Aleq Robinson
    Aleq Robinson Před 3 měsíci +12

    Very interesting video. The Norse/British Isles period, will always be one of my fav historical periods.

    • Andrew Howells
      Andrew Howells Před 2 měsíci

      And you are also ignorant to the ancient people of Cymru , who were always here before any of you lot were not invited

  • S I O M A I
    S I O M A I Před rokem +4692

    Up to this day, I still find it astounding how this small island nation was able to become the "empire in which the sun never sets" later on in history.

    • Mister Jorge
      Mister Jorge Před 2 měsíci

      Sun never set! Pls also keep in mind the fact that 'Slavery, Colonialism & Colonization' are all evil things done by evildoers.
      Around fifty 50 nations fell under British Colonialism; while around twenty five 25 nations under French Colonialism.
      - In the Colonial era all Anglo Western Colonizers did in their Colonies worldwide was build infrastructure, such as roads and ports so that they could ship abundant natural mineral resources, raw materials back to Europe to make fine goods, since there hardly has any mineral resources in Europe. That is what Colonialism is all about; "Pillage and Plunder" at will.
      For instance, it is agreed upon the fact that Africa in general has progressed a lot more in the past 20-30 years than 200 years of Western Colonialism there.
      Moreover, World organization such as United Nations was helped founded, with cleverly drawn charters, by the West; only after they have had enough of practicing centuries-long global Slavery, Colonization and Colonialism; in such a way so as to;
      - keep their accumulated wealth to themselves,
      - their accumulated crimes not to get prosecuted by their former victims. 😔
      "Anglo caused most of the world's problems." - David Cameron, former British Prime Minister
      “British society has never been cleansed of the filth of imperialism.” - Salman Rushdie
      The fact that they need to repent & repay their sins & crimes.
      After all, it's "a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do" thing.
      Like I said, repay and repent your long overdue crimes and sins.
      Remember the saying, "a man's gotta do what a man's gotta do".
      "History is written by the victors and liars." ~ Napoleon Bonaparte
      Speaking of 'the rule of Law', may I ask where is the rule of law when the Anglo West is practicing centuries-long global Slavery, Colonialism & Colonization?
      May I ask when will the West face justice for their notorious centuries-long global crimes of Slavery, Colonialism and Colonization from North/South America to Australia/New Zealand?
      Speaking of 'crime'.., remember, it’s only a crime if you lose.
      The Anglo Western bloc had been on the winning side for about three centuries.
      Obviously, they couldn't care less about the "crimes" any more. 😔

    • POWER96
      POWER96 Před 2 měsíci +1

      Rape, murder, enslavement, colonization, thievery, and genocide. That is How England did it.

    • Samuel Luria
      Samuel Luria Před 2 měsíci

      @Felgruf - 🥱

    • The Harlequin
      The Harlequin Před 5 měsíci

      @marco mendez The Spanish had one for about 5 minutes. Amazing how quickly they gained traction, after only unifying the country, "as Spain", a few decades before. Then losing it all so quickly afterwards. Probably too much religious zealotry contributed

    • The Harlequin
      The Harlequin Před 5 měsíci

      @Pasha Pasovski only a 8% apparently, and Scandinavians. Only 10%

  • Pamela McBride
    Pamela McBride Před 3 měsíci +3

    Anyone who's interested in seeing how this played out in a TV series: The Last Kingdom did a great job covering it and it was very entertaining

    • James husrt
      James husrt Před 2 měsíci

      Hello Pamela,how are you doing today it’s nice to meet you here 😊

  • T T
    T T Před 5 měsíci +59

    Thanks for the enjoyable video.
    The first Viking raiders actually came from Denmark, as did the Jutes and Angles. It wasn't an army that raided Lindisfarne, the first raids were small bands that hit hard and fast.

    • Steve
      Steve Před měsícem +1

      The Angles came from southern Schleswig, interfacing with the Saxons further to the south. They were not Danes. Centuries later the Germans and Danes had wars over this area of land, both claiming it as their own. This gave rise to the 'Schleswig-Holstein Question' that Lord Palmerston famously remarked, "Only three people have ever really understood (it)....the Prince Consort, who is dead, a German professor who has gone mad, and I, who have forgotten all about it."

    • abc def
      abc def Před 2 měsíci +1

      @Chris Stucker It was great. Anything you liked under one roof. Muncks trusting in God collecting gold. The Vikings diverted them from collecting gold to trusting in God. A win win situation.

    • Chris Stucker
      Chris Stucker Před 2 měsíci +1

      In hindsight, filling a monastery on the North East coast of England full of riches and having only monks to protect it may have not been a good idea.

    • Medusa's Lair
      Medusa's Lair Před 5 měsíci +3

      Yeah, hence Danes.... People from Denmark = Danes.

  • Duke JukeBox
    Duke JukeBox Před 4 měsíci +35

    "The Last Kingdom" is the best historical series out there on this subject,historical facts are pretty accurate and acting is superb!

    • bluesdealer
      bluesdealer Před 2 měsíci

      Loosely so, yes. Better than most modern historical fiction, at least.
      I still don’t understand what the writers had against Edward though lol

    • 🗿ARAFAT💬
      🗿ARAFAT💬 Před 3 měsíci +1

      @Just Sayin yeah also shows sithric was killed by edward however this video shows he held Northumbria even after Edward's death and was later under uthred who acted as a buffer and wasn't under any oaths🗿
      I understand the show wouldn't be interesting if it was straight to the point & had no court intrigues

    • Just Sayin
      Just Sayin Před 4 měsíci +3

      Facts aren’t that accurate. Just kind of shows what life was like and how brutal the Vikings were. And the constant struggle for power, land and wealth. Funny thing about the show is Uhtred the Bold never met Alfred the Great. Alfred was king from 871-899… while Uhtred died in the year 1016 over 100 years apart from their deaths. Many characters were based on real people just not as historically accurate.

    • Willam Ferreira da rocha
      Willam Ferreira da rocha Před 4 měsíci +1

      @Hill i live coutry rarely find history books from other countries

    • Hill
      Hill Před 4 měsíci

      Umm no, but it certainly educate people who hates reading history books

  • RickE
    RickE Před 5 měsíci +14

    Love this video and all Dark Age history. My family was supposed to have first come from Ireland to fight in the battle of Heavenfield for King Oswald. Thanks for this entertaining and informative take.

  • emkay dee
    emkay dee Před 9 měsíci +740

    Aethelstan was buried in my hometown, alongside those from his army at the battle of Brunanburh, a very small town called Malmesbury. His remains are lost, but the memorial is in the Abbey still. Direct descendants of his army who still live locally have a society called “commoners” as they still collectively own an area of common land that Athelstan gave to those men!

    • RickE
      RickE Před 2 měsíci +1

      @Éva Fodor the word Ethel or Aethel meant “able or noble “from what I’ve learned. In Aethelstans case the Stan meant “ Stone” so his name meant “ able stone”

    • Charles
      Charles Před 2 měsíci

      @RickE May history repeat

    • _A1
      _A1 Před 2 měsíci

      that's amazing. thanks for sharing.

    • John Brereton
      John Brereton Před 2 měsíci +3

      @Éva Fodor
      Aethel means nobel in Anglo Saxon. Aetheling means nobel birth and Aethelstan means nobel stone.

    • Ajay Sidhu🇮🇳
      Ajay Sidhu🇮🇳 Před 2 měsíci

      MALMESBERY???

  • Adam Palmer
    Adam Palmer Před 4 měsíci +13

    I’m late to this piece but this was really good. I knew a lot about the start of the Viking Invasion & then Alfred taking back Wessex but I didn’t know everything after that so great job while keeping it interesting!🤟🤯💯

  • buzz magister
    buzz magister Před 3 měsíci +5

    I really enjoyed watching this . It gives some fascinating information about the history of this country . Thank you .

  • Paul Wusteman
    Paul Wusteman Před 4 měsíci +13

    Only a few Anglo-Saxon churches now survive that were not enlarged and rebuilt in the Middle Ages but a large number of beautiful manuscripts and artefacts survive, of which the Sutton Hoo treasure in the British Museum is perhaps the most spectacular, along with the Lindisfarne Gospels. Alfred - a true philosopher king - and Aethelstan were extraordinary people - as was also Aethelfled, a brilliant ruler who earned and kept the loyalty of her nobles.

    • condorX2
      condorX2 Před 2 měsíci

      Aye.
      The Viking completely changed them, from fighting for their homeland against invaders to become the invader themselves who colonized half the world and plundering all their riches.
      Here is nice article.
      The British East India Company seized Bengal in 1757 by force. Then the British forced the peasantry to handover their produce and engineered a famine in 1770 that killed a third of the population. Following that, there were 24 famines between 1850-1899 in different parts of the country, where tens of millions of people killed. From 1765 to 1938, Britain extracted 45 trillion pound sterling from India, which was effectively the down payment for the Industrial Revolution. In 1700, India had 25% of the world’s GDP. By 1950, they had only 4%. In 1943, during the WW II, Winston Churchill diverted food from Bengal to Britain, resulted in 3 million Indians deaths. When India got independent from the British, the literacy rate was just 14%.
      From the late 17th century to the 18th century, Britain smuggled opium into China to dope the population, a strategy to turn around a huge trade deficit, after the British could not find enough silver to pay the Qing government in their tea and porcelain trades. After opium was destroyed in salt water and ports were closed by the Chinese in ordered to curb opium, the British started the Opium War I, which China lost. Hong Kong was forced to be surrendered to the British.
      After 12 years, the British got really greedy. They demanded the Qing government: 1) To open the borders of China to allow goods coming in and out freely and tax free. 2) Make opium legal in China. After being rejected, the British and French, with support by the USA, started Opium War II with China, which again, China lost. The Anglo-French military raided the Summer Palace, an estimated 150,000 pieces of historic treasures with a 1900-year span from the first Qin Dynasty up to the Qing Dynasty were raided and many ended up in the British Museum in London.
      After the Summer Palace was burned down in 3 days, the Anglo-French military then threatened to burn the Imperial Palace. The Qing government was forced to pay with free trade ports, 300,000 kilograms of silver and the Kowloon district north of Hong Kong Island was taken. Since then, China’s resources flew out freely from the free trade ports. In the subsequent amendment to the treaties, Chinese people were sold overseas to serve as labor, famously known as “piglet labor”.
      Britain, a tiny country, had turned the two biggest economies in the world into poverty stricken slumps. China and India co-existed for 4000 years without problems. Buddhism originated in India and widely adopted in China. China sent Buddhist monks to India to learn Buddhism from India. When the British were preparing for India’s independence, an ambiguity was left behind at the border between China and India, and since then, it became the point of conflicts between China and India, including a war at the border in 1962. Divide and rule, is their tactic used over and over again.
      The British colonized my country Malaysia in 1786. During WW II, when the Japanese came to Malaya, the British fled the country, and the Malayan Communists were left behind to fight a gorilla warfare with the Japanese in the jungles. After the Japanese surrendered, the Malayan Communist fighters went back to towns. Then the British came back, surrounded the towns and mass murdered them.
      Before handed back to China, Hong Kong was ruled under an iron fist, but when Hong Kong was returned to China, the UK pushed for democracy in Hong Kong.
      There are many reasons for the empire’s successes. But one thing stands out: hypocrisy.
      -Zeis Siez
      🤓

  • Pawel Tulik
    Pawel Tulik Před 4 měsíci +9

    Came here because of Vinland Saga (a japanese anime, but such an amazing series, Holywood has NEVER attempted to cover such events and times). Technically, a very well made content. Well done!

    • sebastian coral
      sebastian coral Před 3 měsíci

      Its not hollywood but The last kingdom on netflix covers this period of time

  • Varsity Chap
    Varsity Chap Před rokem +3832

    Looking at such a long period of time, it might be useful to put a year counter in one corner alongside the animations.

  • Lee Ebbrell
    Lee Ebbrell Před 5 měsíci +8

    The Battle of Brunanburh happened on fields near my house, we have recently discovered stuff on fields there. When I heard of it I had no idea how big a deal it was. I live on the wirral south of Liverpool england

  • MLYong
    MLYong Před 4 měsíci +19

    Astouding how much violence, conflict and sacrifices it takes to build this foundation of order. To realize what and how many eras to go thru in order to shape how it is today is breath taking.

    • sunshine67
      sunshine67 Před měsícem

      There is still plenty of violence and conflict in the UK, between the governing classes, and the less wealthy and privileged who are having to make all the sacrifices. Colonialism started in the UK, when the isalnd of Britain itself was colonised, then spread from there

    • james maher
      james maher Před 2 měsíci

      Joseph. In 1883 90%of Africa was owned by natives. By 1990 following the division of Africa among the Western European Powers only 10% of Africa was owned by natives. Colonialism served to divide abd conquer. Its seeds are still evident today. That is a large part of the instability you mention.

    • MLYong
      MLYong Před 2 měsíci +2

      @Joseph absolutely, many don’t understand “what it took” to get to where it is today.

    • Joseph
      Joseph Před 2 měsíci +2

      That's why the instability we see in some African countries now is just part of the natural process.

  • JP Turner
    JP Turner Před 2 měsíci +2

    Very interesting…thank you for your research and outstanding presentation!
    I have subscribed to your channel and look forward to everything I will learn from your videos!👍🏽

  • Ura
    Ura Před 3 měsíci +22

    Thanks, at school we literally completely skipped the dark ages. From Roman Britain to the Norman invasion we were taught nothing at school

    • Baboon Momma
      Baboon Momma Před 2 měsíci

      I only got taught a tiny bit about Henry the 8th and the vikings

    • john fisher
      john fisher Před 2 měsíci +1

      @Alwin Mitter I have mixed parentage, (German Mother, English Father) and this has always been my take on this sort of thing, but never provable.
      I suspect a lot of People voted leave in the Brexit referendum because the Germans where "doing better than the Brits" .

    • Alwin Mitter
      Alwin Mitter Před 2 měsíci +2

      @Chris Strucker: to establish the narrative of a culturally and ethically advanced British identity Romanized Celts and French influence were better arguments than Anglo-Saxon origin. For reckless propaganda of two world wars had depreciated and distanced everything German so much, that any hint of own German origins was to be shamefully hidden.

    • Chris Stucker
      Chris Stucker Před 2 měsíci +1

      My school didn’t teach us shit about the dark ages. I didn’t even know who Anglo Saxons actually were until a few years ago. Why on Earth would they skip the historical period in which our country was actually formed?

    • john fisher
      john fisher Před 2 měsíci +1

      @Ura Its more what is decided on a schools curriculum,this is usually decided at national level by a senior member of your/my government.
      A nation can be brainwashed at a very early age with induced Patrisiam, or its learned at a individual level.
      In America its saluting the flag, in the UK its "God save the King/Queen."
      We are conditioned at an early age to follow our nation's history and regard ourselves as a force for good in the world.

  • Casper_Z
    Casper_Z Před rokem +1729

    English guy: ''Finally, free from Viking rule.''
    Normans: ''Bonjour?''

    • Coin collector of all coins 🪙
      Coin collector of all coins 🪙  Před 3 dny

      13 years of Viking rule?

    • Шон
      Шон Před 17 dny

      @Mate Peric french people constantly have to writer ten paper college essay on how the normans were french so that means england was conquered by france and english people in return have to write a ten paper college essay on how the normans weren’t french and how french identity and france didn’t exist back then so that they didn’t get conquered by france but by the normans that’s basically it

    • Shire Tommy1916
      Shire Tommy1916 Před 4 měsíci

      Everything the normans did, was returned in 1944, when their homeland became a furnace and their women became cattle to the Germans and allied men

    • Rocken Roller
      Rocken Roller Před 7 měsíci

      Yeah by the way 90% of your fancy words like for example ,legislation, constitution, imperfection and so on are rooted in French cause you’re a bunch of peasants without central administration oh sorry another French word … old English language won’t make it and we won’t apologise since we’re the Norman conquerors .

    • John Bicknell
      John Bicknell Před 8 měsíci

      @salemk.309 +I'm slow when others don't make themselves clear in what they say or are not consistent in what they say.
      And especially if they contradict themselves.

  • wjcharliee
    wjcharliee Před 3 měsíci +4

    Excellent history! You definitely do an outstanding job! That recap at the end shows that you’re a master. Very rarely do I see other videos give a concluding remark. Intro body conclusion the three points of any good lecture. Keep up the good work👍💯🎯

  • GusArchives
    GusArchives Před 2 měsíci +32

    Very insightful video indeed! Love and peace to my English neighbours from Scotland!

  • CatMom
    CatMom Před 5 měsíci +8

    I'm really enjoying the graphics showing the progression of conquered lands.

  • 英国の地理愛好家
    英国の地理愛好家 Před 4 měsíci +17

    Wessex : The childhood.
    England : The young adulthood.
    United Kingdom : The old adulthood.

    • Chris Stucker
      Chris Stucker Před 2 měsíci +1

      Long live the Kingdom of Wessex!

    • hanzocloud
      hanzocloud Před 2 měsíci

      @Robbie Craig the new generation is called United States of America

    • Robbie Craig
      Robbie Craig Před 4 měsíci +3

      United Kingdom: past it's sell by date

  • Daz Ediss
    Daz Ediss Před 7 měsíci +249

    This was really interesting as I’m from Cumbria, which on the map is the part of England directly east of the Isle of Man, formally part of southern Strathclyde. It explains why my ancestors all spoke an ancient language of Cumbric, which was a blend of Celtic, Welsh & Norse. It became extinct in the 12th century - after the carve up of Strathclyde. But it does explain why the dialects & accents around where I live are so weirdly diverse, more so than any other region in the U.K.
    For instance - 3 miles up the road in Gretna, Dumfries & Galloway - everybody speaks with a Scottish accent. 2 miles east in the western Yorkshire dales - everyone speaks with a Yorkshire accent, 10 miles south in Lancaster everyone speaks with a Lancashire accent, and everyone in the Lake District (where I live) has a totally unique accent which is a blend of all 4.

    • Derek Weir
      Derek Weir Před 2 měsíci

      @Dunsapie exactly how the English are so ego-centric

    • Ian Williams
      Ian Williams Před 2 měsíci +1

      @Jamie Wilson Modern Strathclyde is indeed in Scotland, but the original kingdom was a Welsh/Brythonic speaking Kingdom of Rheged, that predates both modern Scotland or England.

    • Ian Williams
      Ian Williams Před 2 měsíci +2

      @writeract2 La Principessa Anne It was previously the Brythonic kingdom of Rheged. That Later split into two, before merging eventually into what is now the lowlands of modern Scotland to the north, and then Lancashire, Merseyside and Cheshire to the south.
      Rheged (Strathclyde) spoke a Brythonic language that was mutually intelligent with Welsh, and indeed we modern Welsh, refer to Strathclyde/Rheged, as 'Yr Hen Ogledd' (The Old North). The oldest Welsh Poetry, chronicles the period, in particular the decisive battle of Catraeth (modern Catterick), written by a Bard named Taliesin, who was from Rheged/Strathclyde.
      Many of the Mountains of North Wales are named after significant characters of the Kingdoms of Rheged, given it was a compatriot, and a previously neighbouring kingdom to the Kingdom of Gwynedd (mostly modern North Wales and West Wales), to where many people of the 'Old North', are believed to have fled and resettled after the battle of Catterick.

    • Syamsul
      Syamsul Před 2 měsíci

      @Jamie Wilson Carlisle? the team who played in league one/div 03 english league yeahh

    • moondee lundee
      moondee lundee Před 2 měsíci

      @TINELLO who gizza shit about miami? This comment and video is about motherf'kn engerland.

  • John Pavasars
    John Pavasars Před 4 měsíci +8

    Thanks for this well made video :D It was clear and informative. Could you make a video about how Great Britain was formed, please?

  • InsertUserName
    InsertUserName Před 4 měsíci +2

    Excellent video. Extremely high quality and very informative.
    10/10

  • Aurora Rain
    Aurora Rain Před 2 měsíci +1

    Fascinating, thank you! I have often wondered how it all began.

  • MOHAMMED SHABBIR AHMED
    MOHAMMED SHABBIR AHMED Před 2 měsíci

    Great video! Can you also shed some light on the loots and thefts they performed and colonizations , to become the England that they're now!! 😊

  • Everything 102
    Everything 102 Před rokem +2169

    Imagine having such a badass name as Eric Bloodaxe.

    • Шон
      Шон Před 17 dny

      edmund ironside is pretty dope too

    • ssdfrs ohuiu
      ssdfrs ohuiu Před 8 měsíci

      I åm chinêsê ånd I wånt tó têll all of yóů! :
      Yóů cån't find åny rêdêmptión ór hópê in Chinå, it's å cóůntry withóůt thóůghts.
      å dêgênêråtê pópůlåtión, å sóůllêss pópůlåtión.
      This cóůntry hås pródůcêd nó nåtůrål sciêncê, nó sóciål sciêncê, nó hůmånistic thróůgh its históry.
      Chinêsê pêóplê håvê nêvêr thóůght ónê thing tó clêår in thêir thóůsånds yêårs históry.
      Thê êlitês in chinå's históry årê åll êgóists ånd nårcissists, thê cůltůrê thêy crêåtê is růbbish.
      Thê Chinêsê hås thê cåpåbility tó livê with thê big liês hånging åbóvê thêir hêåds, CCP dêcêivês ånd ênslåvês thêm, thêy årê willing tó dó êvil fór CCP, fór bênêfit. Thêy årê idióts dåncing ůndêr thê cóntról óf CCP.
      Thêy årê mórålly dêpråvêd ånd dårê tó dó ånything.
      I têll yóů hónêstly, this cóůntry drivês mê cråzy.

    • w 2
      w 2 Před 11 měsíci

      @Ellisano Wade the great and terrible that's what I want to be called

    • Ellisano
      Ellisano Před 11 měsíci

      @w 2 Ian the Shagger, well if I lived back then I would hope to be called that 😂

    • kev WHUFC
      kev WHUFC Před rokem

      Eric bloodaxe had coins minted, but with a sword on one side , still very cool name,
      One of my favourite Viking coins is from when there supposed to be Christians , Sihtric had coins made for St peter one side has thors hammer and the other a sword , I'd love to know about the reaction of the Christians seeing a hammer on a coin dedicated to a saint. Lol

  • 道之道
    道之道 Před 2 měsíci +10

    Good explanation of the very early days of England. Do you have another video describing how England's monarchy down to the late QE2 developed out of this period of chaos?

  • Afura33
    Afura33 Před 4 měsíci +3

    This is interesting, thank you, I came here cause the series Vikings made me wanna know more about how England was actually formed. So english people are basically mostly germans?

    • Uzaid Gurjee
      Uzaid Gurjee Před 3 měsíci +1

      Not exactly. Modern day English people have mostly Celtic dna. The Germanic tribes integrated with the Celts. The Germanic tribes migrated from modern day Germany, Denmark and Netherlands. The vikings then later settled after they conquered what was called Danelaw. There were also the Norman french and Romans. Modern English people have around 60% Celtic dna. And it varies in places, some places are higher.

  • Art_apex Art_Apex
    Art_apex Art_Apex Před 2 měsíci

    Excellent video. Very well presented. However, I can speak for more than myself when mentioning Wales' activity. It kind of makes the whole video fall flat because it wasn't mentioned a single time. I think the story would've been a lot more informative considering they have a totally different language spoken by them to this day. How did they survive and sustain their culture amongst all this warfare? Where did their language originate from? Good story but no climax.

  • Mez Roth
    Mez Roth Před 2 měsíci +1

    Nice documentary and nicely narrated. It would be nice if you could mention the dates on each event and perhaps display them . I got a little bit confused due to my dyslexia. 😕

  • Jinn KunTV
    Jinn KunTV Před 8 měsíci +361

    Loved the middle age English history! Wish I could visit england someday and see historic places, figures and such! Greetings from Philippines!

    • Chris Howell
      Chris Howell Před 2 měsíci

      Kumusta Kuya, from Hadrians Wall, though my family are in Bicol.

    • Eyes of the Tiger
      Eyes of the Tiger Před 2 měsíci

      @Jim Ferrante I didn't say they are horrible!

    • moondee lundee
      moondee lundee Před 2 měsíci

      Nothing to see nowadays.
      Old English style roads and homes are few, in rural areas and villages.
      Now you have most towns and cities with roadworks on the same street every month with barely a good summer (this year was very good) and once summer is gone the so called 4 seasons seems like winter throughout with dull clouds and wet dusty roads and dustbins.

    • Jim Ferrante
      Jim Ferrante Před 2 měsíci +1

      @Eyes of the Tiger the women are wonderful

    • Sus Kagusip
      Sus Kagusip Před 2 měsíci +1

      @XXXTENTAClON
      Written in the wall of Intramuros "Manila under the British rule 3 years."

  • askthepizzaguy
    askthepizzaguy Před 5 měsíci +1

    See, kingdoms come and go. Seems like anyone can conquer anywhere, briefly. But whether or not a kingdom actually lasts depends on whether there can be a ruler that comes in and is actually good at governing in peacetime.
    Doesn't mean they have to be pacifists, they just need to be ready to defend the nation if needed, but not start pointless conflicts, and usher in an era of peace and prosperity.
    When a nation has an era where people actually have peace and prosperity, they care who rules them a lot more, and are a lot more willing to defend the peace. That makes their nation a lot harder to conquer. Peace is so necessary.

  • Three Six Nine
    Three Six Nine Před 3 měsíci +3

    Great video! England's consequent warlike impact on the world may be explained by having been invaded and influenced by so many alpha martial peoples.
    I love the island of Britain and feel more magic in the land there than anywhere else I've been.

    • TheClassicalSymphony
      TheClassicalSymphony Před 2 měsíci

      @Peter Franklin trouble maker.
      I've had my say.

    • Peter Franklin
      Peter Franklin Před 2 měsíci

      @TheClassicalSymphony My family and most of my friends and relatives identify as working class and don't behave as you suggest. I think the word for the people who behave as you suggest, is Chavs.

    • TheClassicalSymphony
      TheClassicalSymphony Před 2 měsíci

      @Peter Franklin stop splitting hairs ...you know exactly what I mean.

    • Peter Franklin
      Peter Franklin Před 2 měsíci

      @TheClassicalSymphony Your use of the term 'working class' is rather insulting. ' A small proportion of the working class would be more accurate.

    • TheClassicalSymphony
      TheClassicalSymphony Před 2 měsíci

      @Three Six Nine crap....I'm Canadian....been living in England for decades , I know what you and your Greek friends mean: the working class people of England ALWAYS take their holidays in hot countries - these people are the worst of English society, most English people are polite.
      The best English tourists don't go to these tacky resorts in Greece, Portugal and Spain.

  • Ian High
    Ian High Před 2 měsíci

    Excellent synopsis of the formation of England.
    Would be great if you could make a precursor, i.e. the Roman subjugation of the Celtic Tribes (Britons) and subsequent loss of central authority when the Romans left.
    The Romans actually established the cities and governance on the island that formed the basis for the kingdoms prior to Anglo-Saxon invasion / settlement, often by Germanic and Frankish mercenaries recruited to maintain control of the various Roman towns and their surrounding areas.
    400 - 700 was the time when England, or Brittanica as the Romans called it, was heavily de-forested and the pre-feudal system of lords, earls and independent kingdoms was established, with power struggles between the civic ex-Romans, who had often inter-married with native Britons, along with their imported mercenary forces and the remnants of the old Celtic/Briton tribes.
    Tradition has it that the mercenaries, invited to England to repel Scotti and Pictish invaders, turned on their Romano-Briton rulers and started to settle the lands, having brought their families over to join them. Romano-Briton forces initially repelled these 'invaders' during the 5th century culminating in the victory of Mons Badonicus 500AD but renewed pressure in the late 6th century saw the Anglo-Saxons slowly extend their dominance over most of Brittanica.
    Many current place names in southern England (Angleland) derive from this time with the Anglo-Saxon language becoming prevalent giving us the East Saxons (Essex) , South Saxons (Sussex), East Angles (East Anglia, divided into NorthFolk- Norfolk and SouthFolk-Suffolk) , Middle Saxons (Middlesex) and, of course, West Saxons (Wessex).
    The culmination of these struggles established the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy divided into the major kingdoms of Mercia (borderland), Northumbria (north of the Humber), Wessex, Essex, Sussex and Kent (corner lands). Wessex had managed to gain dominance, in the south prior to the Viking invasions - from whence you take up the tale.
    It should also be noted that this was not the end of the formation of England. Although firmly established as a kingdom in the mid 10th century, the next 200 years were even more important in the formation of English identity.
    Rivalry between the Anglo-Saxon kings of England and the Viking descendants in Denmark/Norway/Sweden, not to mention Vikings who had settled/conquered much of the coastlines of mainland Europe and Ireland would continue to play a major role.
    England was, for a time, conquered by the North Sea Empire of Sweyn Forkbeard, his son Cnut The Great who reigned as King Canute of England in the early 11th century and grandson Harthacnut (Canute II) who contended for the throne of England with the Wessex Kings Harold I, Edward the Confessor and Harold II
    This directly led to further instability culminating in 1066 with the unsuccessful invasion of by Harald II of Norway and successful invasion by William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, which started the Norman rule of England.
    William was himself descended from Viking invaders who had gained the territory of Normandy from the French King and led to the formation of the Angevin Empire which encompassed large parts of England and France, was the precursor to the Hundred Years War and formed the basis for the rivalry between England and France that existed for 1000 years.
    The time between 1000 and 1453 led to the identification of England (and it's subsequent transition to Great Britain and then the UK) as a nation separate from the continental European kingdoms.
    (Sorry, just found your Video on the Norman conquest of England ...)

  • Chris Blanchard
    Chris Blanchard Před 5 měsíci +11

    It’s a fact that most of Scotland matches exactly the rock formations in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia

    • pen is
      pen is Před 4 měsíci

      @Jejdjdjd Mig the name is because there was many Scottish settlers that named it New Scotland in Latin. The geology of Nova Scotia and Scotland were only discovered centuries later. The Geology is the same as millions of years ago they were part of the same landmass on Pangea

    • Jejdjdjd Mig
      Jejdjdjd Mig Před 5 měsíci +1

      If I’m not wrong “nova” is related to Latin meaning new and scotia sounds like scot so it would make sense for a place with the exact same land formation as Scotland to be named new Scotland

    • Full Metal Theorist
      Full Metal Theorist Před 5 měsíci +1

      And there's a lot of people of Scottish decent there.

  • jaynyce1980
    jaynyce1980 Před rokem +229

    After watching The Last Kingdom on Netflix, this illustration helps to understand it all. King Alfred and Wessex really made this all possible.

    • Brandon Cook
      Brandon Cook Před 4 měsíci +1

      Yep

    • bitTorrenter
      bitTorrenter Před rokem +2

      @Anthony Leighton Alfred the Great, of Wessex, NOT 'England'

    • Adrian
      Adrian Před rokem

      I just want to say what's up 🤷🏻‍♂️

    • nodding donkey
      nodding donkey Před rokem

      @jaynyce1980 that’s why what’s up too?

    • Anthony Leighton
      Anthony Leighton Před rokem +12

      That's why he was called King Alfred the Great.....

  • Peter Varcoe
    Peter Varcoe Před 5 měsíci +1

    Good reading/viewing. I read George R. R. Martin and see some inspiration from the Wall and the Houses a few hundred years later. Later I found The Last Kingdom series and liked it more. Check out the books and/or TV series if you have time.

  • condorX2
    condorX2 Před 2 měsíci

    Nice documentary!
    The Viking completely changed them, from fighting for their homeland against invaders to become the invader themselves who colonized half the world and plundering all their riches.
    Here is nice article.
    The British East India Company seized Bengal in 1757 by force. Then the British forced the peasantry to handover their produce and engineered a famine in 1770 that killed a third of the population. Following that, there were 24 famines between 1850-1899 in different parts of the country, where tens of millions of people killed. From 1765 to 1938, Britain extracted 45 trillion pound sterling from India, which was effectively the down payment for the Industrial Revolution. In 1700, India had 25% of the world’s GDP. By 1950, they had only 4%. In 1943, during the WW II, Winston Churchill diverted food from Bengal to Britain, resulted in 3 million Indians deaths. When India got independent from the British, the literacy rate was just 14%.
    From the late 17th century to the 18th century, Britain smuggled opium into China to dope the population, a strategy to turn around a huge trade deficit, after the British could not find enough silver to pay the Qing government in their tea and porcelain trades. After opium was destroyed in salt water and ports were closed by the Chinese in ordered to curb opium, the British started the Opium War I, which China lost. Hong Kong was forced to be surrendered to the British.
    After 12 years, the British got really greedy. They demanded the Qing government: 1) To open the borders of China to allow goods coming in and out freely and tax free. 2) Make opium legal in China. After being rejected, the British and French, with support by the USA, started Opium War II with China, which again, China lost. The Anglo-French military raided the Summer Palace, an estimated 150,000 pieces of historic treasures with a 1900-year span from the first Qin Dynasty up to the Qing Dynasty were raided and many ended up in the British Museum in London.
    After the Summer Palace was burned down in 3 days, the Anglo-French military then threatened to burn the Imperial Palace. The Qing government was forced to pay with free trade ports, 300,000 kilograms of silver and the Kowloon district north of Hong Kong Island was taken. Since then, China’s resources flew out freely from the free trade ports. In the subsequent amendment to the treaties, Chinese people were sold overseas to serve as labor, famously known as “piglet labor”.
    Britain, a tiny country, had turned the two biggest economies in the world into poverty stricken slumps. China and India co-existed for 4000 years without problems. Buddhism originated in India and widely adopted in China. China sent Buddhist monks to India to learn Buddhism from India. When the British were preparing for India’s independence, an ambiguity was left behind at the border between China and India, and since then, it became the point of conflicts between China and India, including a war at the border in 1962. Divide and rule, is their tactic used over and over again.
    The British colonized my country Malaysia in 1786. During WW II, when the Japanese came to Malaya, the British fled the country, and the Malayan Communists were left behind to fight a gorilla warfare with the Japanese in the jungles. After the Japanese surrendered, the Malayan Communist fighters went back to towns. Then the British came back, surrounded the towns and mass murdered them.
    Before handed back to China, Hong Kong was ruled under an iron fist, but when Hong Kong was returned to China, the UK pushed for democracy in Hong Kong.
    There are many reasons for the empire’s successes. But one thing stands out: hypocrisy.
    -Zeis Siez

  • AJP
    AJP Před 4 měsíci +3

    Finally after watching dozens of outstanding TV series of this erra do i understand 😀

  • mintcoco
    mintcoco Před 2 měsíci +1

    So basically out of all of the Aethels, Aethelstan wasn't only the King of the England but also the first ever stan of Aethel what an icon

  • Kody Young
    Kody Young Před 5 měsíci

    The last kingdom was a great depiction of this time period

  • Mark Hirstwood
    Mark Hirstwood Před 4 měsíci +8

    England was founded in 449 CE by Hengist, a Jute. He made sure his forces settled at three main points to control the island and shipping routes: Kent, Tyneside and Hampshire. These and the others that came after, till about 600 CE, later known as the Anglo-Saxons (mostly Danish and Frisians) settled almost exclusively in the driest, sunniest parts of the island. Today, people still live within those tribal boundaries set by about 600 CE.

    • Miles Hunter
      Miles Hunter Před 4 měsíci

      England was not founded then though. England had to be formed

  • Ý Trần
    Ý Trần Před měsícem +1

    This video is literally useful to me. Thank you!

  • David Wong
    David Wong Před 4 měsíci +3

    The idea for Westeros and the seven kingdoms, before England was unified it was literally 7 kingdoms

  • writeract2 La Principessa Anne
    writeract2 La Principessa Anne Před 3 měsíci +1

    This was absolutely excellent.

  • Marc Grow
    Marc Grow Před 5 měsíci

    Nice video, very informative and I appreciate your time and effort. But you never addressed the Welsh at all throughout the time period. I liked hearing what the Scots and Irish were doing, would have loved to hear about the Welsh too. Overall very well done!

    • Marc Grow
      Marc Grow Před 4 měsíci +1

      @Joromy Kerbin Joromy, I'm not from the UK and was not aware of what battles did or did not happen along the Welsh border since they weren't mentioned in this video. So thanks for sharing about the Battle of Conwy in 881, I hadn't heard of that and I enjoyed looking it up and learning more. Cheers!

    • Joromy Kerbin
      Joromy Kerbin Před 4 měsíci

      To be fair it's a video about how England was created, although there were battles between the Anglo-Saxons and Welsh that were quite significant in that - not least the defeat of Mercia by Gwynedd at the Battle of Conwy in 881 which forced the Mercians to accept Alfred the Great's overlordship. They could have mentioned that for sure.

    • Marc Grow
      Marc Grow Před 5 měsíci +1

      @STOKEALONA Did you watch the entire video? Scotland and Ireland were briefly represented as it pertained to the development of an intact England. The whole time Wales is visible but never mentioned. On a small island it is impossible for England to just "develop" without any interaction with the Welsh - good or bad. The English - Welsh boundary was never discussed as to how and when it was formed. I've been there, driven across the Welsh- English border several times. Pretty hard to talk about the formation of England without ever mentioning it's western border with Wales. Don't be such a POM.

    • STOKEALONA
      STOKEALONA Před 5 měsíci

      it can never be an english thing can it, let’s talk about the other three nations like we always do

  • Jules Forsyth
    Jules Forsyth Před 5 měsíci

    I wish I had an explanation like this when I was at school. I would have understood it far better.

  • Whiskers Redwood
    Whiskers Redwood Před 4 měsíci +41

    England has been pivotal in world history.

    • Sally Sturman
      Sally Sturman Před 2 měsíci +1

      @condorX2 Hate on the Scandinavians then.

    • The Scally Trader
      The Scally Trader Před 2 měsíci +2

      @Rick Simpson Why should they. That's how the world was back then. If it wasnt the British it would have been some other Country. Stop applying todays logic to things that happened 300 years ago

    • K n
      K n Před 2 měsíci

      @The Scally Trader such as? All griefs for Rest of UK

    • condorX2
      condorX2 Před 2 měsíci

      Aye.
      The Viking completely changed them, from fighting for their homeland against invader to become the invader themselves who colonized half the world and plundering all their riches.
      Here is nice article.
      The British East India Company seized Bengal in 1757 by force. Then the British forced the peasantry to handover their produce and engineered a famine in 1770 that killed a third of the population. Following that, there were 24 famines between 1850-1899 in different parts of the country, where tens of millions of people killed. From 1765 to 1938, Britain extracted 45 trillion pound sterling from India, which was effectively the down payment for the Industrial Revolution. In 1700, India had 25% of the world’s GDP. By 1950, they had only 4%. In 1943, during the WW II, Winston Churchill diverted food from Bengal to Britain, resulted in 3 million Indians deaths. When India got independent from the British, the literacy rate was just 14%.
      From the late 17th century to the 18th century, Britain smuggled opium into China to dope the population, a strategy to turn around a huge trade deficit, after the British could not find enough silver to pay the Qing government in their tea and porcelain trades. After opium was destroyed in salt water and ports were closed by the Chinese in ordered to curb opium, the British started the Opium War I, which China lost. Hong Kong was forced to be surrendered to the British.
      After 12 years, the British got really greedy. They demanded the Qing government: 1) To open the borders of China to allow goods coming in and out freely and tax free. 2) Make opium legal in China. After being rejected, the British and French, with support by the USA, started Opium War II with China, which again, China lost. The Anglo-French military raided the Summer Palace, an estimated 150,000 pieces of historic treasures with a 1900-year span from the first Qin Dynasty up to the Qing Dynasty were raided and many ended up in the British Museum in London.
      After the Summer Palace was burned down in 3 days, the Anglo-French military then threatened to burn the Imperial Palace. The Qing government was forced to pay with free trade ports, 300,000 kilograms of silver and the Kowloon district north of Hong Kong Island was taken. Since then, China’s resources flew out freely from the free trade ports. In the subsequent amendment to the treaties, Chinese people were sold overseas to serve as labor, famously known as “piglet labor”.
      Britain, a tiny country, had turned the two biggest economies in the world into poverty stricken slumps. China and India co-existed for 4000 years without problems. Buddhism originated in India and widely adopted in China. China sent Buddhist monks to India to learn Buddhism from India. When the British were preparing for India’s independence, an ambiguity was left behind at the border between China and India, and since then, it became the point of conflicts between China and India, including a war at the border in 1962. Divide and rule, is their tactic used over and over again.
      The British colonized my country Malaysia in 1786. During WW II, when the Japanese came to Malaya, the British fled the country, and the Malayan Communists were left behind to fight a gorilla warfare with the Japanese in the jungles. After the Japanese surrendered, the Malayan Communist fighters went back to towns. Then the British came back, surrounded the towns and mass murdered them.
      Before handed back to China, Hong Kong was ruled under an iron fist, but when Hong Kong was returned to China, the UK pushed for democracy in Hong Kong.
      There are many reasons for the empire’s successes. But one thing stands out: hypocrisy.
      -Zeis Siez

    • The Scally Trader
      The Scally Trader Před 2 měsíci +3

      @Rick Simpson such as... ?

  • sorel456
    sorel456 Před rokem +274

    I'm sure this amount of history you covered could be told for hours. I thank you for the 10 min abridgement.
    do you teach at a University? I would love to subscribe myself to your lectures.

    • Frits van Zanten
      Frits van Zanten Před 8 měsíci +7

      @Ian McGowan plenty of university professors use language like that ;-)

    • lemorab1
      lemorab1 Před 9 měsíci

      Yes, thank you for being succinct and to the point, transmitting the most valuable information! Most of the time, the long-winded You Tube history videos are exasperating because the narrator is more in love with the sound of his/her own voice than the history they are imparting.
      Also, I wonder if the author of the book "The Viking," upon which the 1958 Kirk and Tony movie is based, used the actual Northumbrian king Eric Bloodaxe (great name!) as inspiration for Eric the Viking in the book and movie?

    • justin preston
      justin preston Před 9 měsíci

      @Ian McGowan it was sarcasm in case you missed it :p

    • Tom Thomassony
      Tom Thomassony Před 11 měsíci +21

      @Ian McGowan engaging with an audience on CHclip is totally different to an academic lecture.

    • Ian McGowan
      Ian McGowan Před rokem +22

      Very informative, but somehow ("The casualties was disastrously high") I doubt this is a university professor.

  • Angela M.
    Angela M. Před 4 měsíci +2

    Someone make this a series that was so exciting

  • David P
    David P Před 4 měsíci +2

    This modern-day province of the United Kingdom certainly has an interesting history.

  • Sheptonsmallet
    Sheptonsmallet Před měsícem +1

    Northern English words, names of towns and villages and structures are a surprising mix of Scandinavian and ango saxon words. Fascinating nation

  • Atomic Barbarian
    Atomic Barbarian Před 2 měsíci

    This is my favorite period and region of history. There are thousands of interesting stories here.

  • Thomas Sugg
    Thomas Sugg Před rokem +428

    Some facts about Anglo-Saxon culture, it was an elective absolute monarchy which meant even if you were the first born son that did not mean you would be king, as there was a meeting of elders called the Witan meaning the (Meeting of the wise men). Who would meet to elect the next king. Anglo-Saxon culture was all about honour and glory to your lord, If you were an English warrior and swore an oath of loyalty to your lord, you were expected to fight till the death for that lord no matter the cost.

    • Шон
      Шон Před 17 dny

      @Cak Dwik balls

    • Jord Carter
      Jord Carter Před 8 měsíci

      @SENTINAL your an angry little man aren't you !? 😂

    • Dirck the Dork-Knight
      Dirck the Dork-Knight Před rokem

      @Anden Möwe No its not

    • Sue Mackie
      Sue Mackie Před rokem

      @Rachit Sah I’m on my fifth watch in 4 weeks lol

    • Andy Elliott
      Andy Elliott Před rokem

      If you fought to the death then the cost was you got killed I suppose !

  • Liam Colledge
    Liam Colledge Před měsícem +2

    The last kingdom covers this well and is an enjoyable watch

  • C SH
    C SH Před 2 měsíci

    I have always heard that the first united king of England. There is a reason that he is the only English/British monarch called the Great.
    For how well she reigned, how well -travelled, how unifying and stabilizing, for many other things, I think Elizabeth should also be called The Great.

  • andy grantham
    andy grantham Před 4 měsíci

    Actually it was 937 AD when Aethelstan won the Battle of Brunanburgh against an army that was a coalition of Norse from Cumbria, Scots and Irish Norse. He had already united Mercia, Wessex and East Anglia and winning this battle he created the country of England that had been dreamt of by Alfred the Great. I am English and I have an interest in history so saying that is 927 is wrong.

  • Steve Matchett
    Steve Matchett Před 2 měsíci +1

    The three greatest monarchs in our entire 1200 year history (inc. "proto-England") are: Alfred the Great, King Athelstan & Edward the Third

  • NB
    NB Před 4 měsíci +1

    England as an identity really consolidated in the middle age in the 100 years war against the French. Same time the French also consolidated their National identity.

  • GonzoTehGreat
    GonzoTehGreat Před 5 měsíci

    0:51 This video gives the impression that after the Romans left the Britons invited the Angles and Saxons into their country to help drive back invasions by the Picts and Scots.
    While it's true that some British Kings (Vortigern) probably did request assistance in exchange for payment, there's no evidence that this was the norm, or that such arrangements occurred on a large scale.
    Instead, like the Danes (and other Norse) who came afterwards, the mass immigration by Angles and Saxons was mostly motivated by the need to find fertile lands to settle and farm, so would've happened anyway.

  • Andy Cap
    Andy Cap Před 5 měsíci +15

    It's refreshing to hear England mentioned at all. We hear plenty about Scotland, Wales and Ireland but very rarely England, which is odd considering it's by far the largest.

    • Jerry Lee
      Jerry Lee Před 4 měsíci

      @Joromy Kerbin I kinda see your point. Now plz try to see mine. We citizens of the USA are called Americans for a reason. Brazilians and/or Canadians aren't called Americans. Why is that? Take a look at the name of their countries.
      No one has said America owns both continents. That's ignorant. It just boils down to jealousy because America is the strongest country in the American continents both financially and militarily.

    • Brandon Cook
      Brandon Cook Před 4 měsíci

      @Joromy Kerbin You aren't very smart are you?

    • Brandon Cook
      Brandon Cook Před 4 měsíci

      @Andy Cap Bro at least you aren't American. Our nation is literally falling apart we are so divided it ain't funny. Big country big problems.

    • Joromy Kerbin
      Joromy Kerbin Před 4 měsíci

      @Jerry Lee No, but Brazil and Canada are part of South America and North America respectively. It is ignorant to act like one state within two different continents owns both continents.

    • Jerry Lee
      Jerry Lee Před 4 měsíci

      @Joromy Kerbin It is accurate. What else should a country be called that has America as its last name? Never heard of Brazil America or Canada America.

  • Sheila English
    Sheila English Před 2 měsíci +2

    Really interesting to see how England was shaped - with a lot of warfare apparently! In all of this Wales just sits there quietly on the side - what was happening there?!

    • James husrt
      James husrt Před 2 měsíci

      Hello Sheila,how are you doing today it’s nice to meet you here 😊

    • Stevo Grilla
      Stevo Grilla Před 2 měsíci +2

      Not a lot, essentially a principality of England

  • Scott Heaton
    Scott Heaton Před rokem +581

    Bernard Cornwell's Last Kingdom series is a wonderful historical fiction through this period.

    • The Harlequin
      The Harlequin Před 5 měsíci

      it's a bit confusing though

    • Yemi Sajuyigbe
      Yemi Sajuyigbe Před 6 měsíci

      The best.

    • Jeff Ebdy
      Jeff Ebdy Před 7 měsíci +2

      Destiny is all!

    • claudia siebert
      claudia siebert Před 8 měsíci +2

      @Fabio Riccardo from the viking invasion untill King Alfred's children governing Wessex and Mercia

    • Francisco Octavius
      Francisco Octavius Před 9 měsíci

      And the show isn’t bad either

  • Mark Sherry
    Mark Sherry Před 4 měsíci +1

    I wish they taught this simplified type of history of England in US classrooms. The US is far too insular. This even tells Americans of Irish and Scottish ancestry something of their own family histories.

  • Banana
    Banana Před 5 měsíci

    I’ve never gone out of my way to watch history videos, however every time I see one I watch it

  • Rude Boy01
    Rude Boy01 Před 4 měsíci +13

    How our current history is being devolved is heartbreaking. Great video 👍🤩

    • justmyself1000
      justmyself1000 Před 10 dny

      I would disagree about current history, "being devolved." I'm in my 6th decade of life and just in recent years learning some historical truths that in my generation were taught incorrectly. For example: here in Texas we were taught back in the day that Texas wanted to split from Mexico because Texas wanted to join the United States. Turns out, this is not true. Mexico had abolished slavery, and the early "Texans" wanted to keep slavery. The Boston Massacre went down differently that what we were taught in school and about 10 years ago when making a visit to Faneuil Hall in Boston...learned the truth. Also, we were taught that early Americans were not happy about taxation from England. I've since learned that the average person in England was paying much higher taxes. There are many other things that have come to light in recent years such as the Declaration of Secession drafted by each of the Confederate states to join the south in the civil war and in each Declaration clearly states that the individual state joined the Confederacy because of slavery...not what we were taught in Texas. And Texas Declaration of Secession clearly states it as well. So to me at least in light of truths with indisputable evidence have come out....I'd say that history has (evolved.)

  • 505 bondo
    505 bondo Před 5 měsíci

    And then finally, in 1066, a man from Normandy ventured to England to conquer. And did so. For a thousand years almost, England's has remained conquered by this man, William, as every king or queen since has been his direct descendant. Long love, indeed. Great is the Norman conquerer.

  • Hi Me
    Hi Me Před 2 měsíci +2

    This a great video, I learn alot watching your
    videos and it has been helpful to me. building a
    steady income is quite difficult for newbies.
    Thanks to Mrs Sophia for improving my portfolio,
    keep up with good videos.

  • Milo Eudy
    Milo Eudy Před 4 měsíci

    I have always wondered how England became England and you did better then anything I could fond

  • Roy Teo
    Roy Teo Před 2 měsíci +9

    This period of English history is fascinating. They should make a TV series about it

    • Roy Teo
      Roy Teo Před 2 měsíci +1

      @Tim Markell The BBC should do it. And perhaps cast Alexander Draymon as the lead

    • Tim Markell
      Tim Markell Před 2 měsíci

      @Mike Hunt who are they?

    • Tim Markell
      Tim Markell Před 2 měsíci

      Who are they?

    • Mike Hunt
      Mike Hunt Před 2 měsíci +1

      @Tim Markell are...

    • Tim Markell
      Tim Markell Před 2 měsíci

      Who is they?

  • James Conner
    James Conner Před 2 měsíci +1

    Enjoyable, well done. But what struck me was how most "reigns" were less than 20 years. Thats not much time to solidify anything, only suppress opposition. Cross- marriages and strange bedfellows made a lot of sense if you going to get things done, but it sowed its own seeds of takeovers. History and law of the jungle had a lot in common.

  • Elvis Ourfali
    Elvis Ourfali Před rokem +527

    After watching vikings and being interested in what happened there and how it was formed… I needed this information.. this is an amazing channel

    • Outlaw
      Outlaw Před 10 měsíci

      Vikings much better lol for entertainment anyway maybe not the history side of it but any how there both wrong in many ways.

    • Elvis Ourfali
      Elvis Ourfali Před rokem

      @Charlie Derrick Already did :)

    • Schuyler Summers
      Schuyler Summers Před rokem

      Also give the British History Podcast a try. It's really in depth and gives you much more context and more information about he ambiguity of what we actually know happened

    • Jai Ganticpooey
      Jai Ganticpooey Před rokem

      @username1nmillion Australian flag?

    • Jai Ganticpooey
      Jai Ganticpooey Před rokem

      That show depicted the English as useless. Historical TV series are always biased garbage, like that Barbarians show always showing the Romans as bad guys.

  • Lucas Anderson
    Lucas Anderson Před 6 měsíci +1

    I think the map you used is a little confused in terms of borders. Northumbria extended farther west and south than you show, Mercia never extended north of the Mersey. The Danelaw also included much of the north western part of what is now England, as did the Kingdom of Jorvik, which you don't mention. Northumbria also went much farther north than you suggest, and contained all of what is now south eastern Scotland up to the Firth of Forth.
    It's Alba, not Alaba, by the way and the battle of Brunnanburgh was certainly nowhere near you indicated, which was just inland from Fleetwood. It is more likely it took place much further south on the borders of Northumbria and Mercia, possible in Bromborough. We still recognise the old countries in England and our proud of our heritage. That's why I am commenting. As proud Northumbrian and resident of the Kingdom of Jorvik and the Danelaw, I took offence at you placing my hometown in Mercia (we don't have anything is common with those pesky southerners ha ha)

  • Rory Fantasy
    Rory Fantasy Před 2 měsíci +11

    As a brit, i am so happy to have such a rich history

  • CosmicSlayer99
    CosmicSlayer99 Před 2 měsíci

    Okay but come on nobody’s talking about Olaf Guthfrithson here! My guy was pretty much the 1st out of only 2 great warrior Kings that actually managed to invade an extremely large chunk of England and with such levels of confidence that they felt they could just force the English to accept it?!

  • JOHNNY BLADE
    JOHNNY BLADE Před 2 měsíci +1

    Never learned any of this in school. Great video, thanks for sharing this...👍

  • Steve Hanson
    Steve Hanson Před 4 měsíci +2

    I know very little about history but I recently discovered that I'm directly descended from Brian Boru (941 - 1014) King of Ireland, so this was particularly interesting to me.

  • Stuart C
    Stuart C Před 2 měsíci

    Difficult to work out how the three lions of an Angevin king from hundreds of years later suddenly appear on a supposedly English flag of an Anglo-Saxon dynasty.
    Doesn't say much for the depth of knowledge of this channel

  • Der Wolf
    Der Wolf Před 4 měsíci

    1. The Vikings who sailed into Great Britain appeared for the first time
    2. After that, they were partially expelled from the territory of Great Britain by the incoming soldiers of the Roman Empire, who used the old former soldiers as a retirement home
    3. But in the meantime, the Viking-descended Britons imagined themselves to be "Celts" and executed their own Viking ancestors who wanted to enter the territory of Great Britain by ship while the population was getting more and more mixed
    4. Then Great Britain emerged as a naval and military superpower, which not only held colonies and terrorized half the world, but already during the First World War became very anti-European with Winston Churchill at the head, who was still an ordinary soldier at the time but already very anti-German attitude
    5. In the Second World War, Great Britain was the first to declare war with France on Nazi Germany starting in 1939, even though Hitler had already been strongly advocating political and racial cooperation between Nazi Germany and Great Britain for 6 years, but to no sucess, even with the British Minister Chamberlain himself personally meet Hitler in Germany, but it only lasted until September 1, 1939, when Great Britain declared war on Germany
    But thank God, Winston Churchill appeared again after that, but not as a soldier but as a minister for Great Britain, still in a strongly anti-German mood, who declared war on Hitler and attacked the German Wehrmacht and the Waffen SS at Dunkirk, where the united French- British forces they suffered an ugly military defeat but for some reason Hitler still let the fleeing British army sail home instead of destroying them completely
    But they were the worst when Hitler sent a couple of V1-V2 rockets over to Great Britain
    In retaliation for this, the British and American Air Force bombed Dresden to the ground, where people burned to death and were cremated within 2 minutes, from 0 to 100 years old, because only incendiary bombs were dropped on the city, where fires raged to such an extent that people were either roasted alive, burned to ashes or drowned about 25,000 civilians due to lack of oxygen caused by huge fires
    Although there was no Nazi military installation or AA unit at all in the city of Dresden
    6. Now Great Britain is separating from Europe again by leaving the EU

  • castlev1986
    castlev1986 Před 2 měsíci

    love how the vikings just sailed over & took land every time

  • tommy
    tommy Před 4 měsíci

    The Roman Empire was further north on the Antonine Wall not Hadrians Wall, the Scoti were Irish Pirates of sorts. Did Wessex enter Cornwall or boundry at the Tamar? Good video tho, enjoyed the mapping. Its worth watching the TV series on Netflix, The Last Kingdom which although as all do uses poetic licence a bit is still a pretty good dramatised version of this.

  • Nono Zebra
    Nono Zebra Před 6 měsíci +1

    The last kingdom on Netflix and the Vikings on history channel are good resources to learn all this
    Good info, thanks

  • Joseph van Wyk
    Joseph van Wyk Před 4 měsíci

    Wow. This was great, Now this is Game of Thrones. When something is done with professionalism, creativity and care, it travels fast. Imagine this as a series, unlike the Vikings.

  • nunchuck nads
    nunchuck nads Před 5 měsíci

    Long before the kingdom of Mercia and Northumbria, all of England (excluding Scotland) was a province of the Roman Empire for many centuries . London was created by the Romans.

  • Wayne Coyne
    Wayne Coyne Před 2 měsíci

    I'm interested in why Wales, or whatever it may have been known as at the time, seemed to have been relatively untouched, at least in that video.

  • Kogi Ndogo
    Kogi Ndogo Před 4 měsíci

    The first vikings that landed in England, especially in Lindisfarne, was Danish - most likely from Roskilde - not Norwegian

  • Oliver Sherman 2
    Oliver Sherman 2 Před 2 měsíci

    I love your channel keep up the great stuff!!!

  • Ishmael
    Ishmael Před 2 měsíci +1

    I'm here because I'm watching the Last Kingdom on Netflix at the moment. Very clear video. Thanks.

  • Alfonso Munoz
    Alfonso Munoz Před 2 měsíci

    I was under the impression Alfred the Great was a uniter of early England.